One of the times when Allah performed miracles at the hand of the Prophet was when the Meccans demanded to see a miracle from Muhammad (pbuh) to show his truthfulness. Allah split the moon in two separate halves and then re-joined them. The Quran recorded the event:
“The Hour has come near, and the moon has split (in two).” (Quran, 54:1)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would recite these verses of the Quran in large congregations of the weekly Friday prayer and the bi-annual Eed prayers. Had the event never occurred, Muslims themselves would have doubted their religion and many would have left it!
“The Hour has come near, and the moon has split (in two). And if they see a miracle, they turn away and say, “Passing magic.” And they denied and followed their inclinations. But for every matter is a (time of) settlement.” (Quran, 54:1-3)
The splitting of the moon is confirmed through eye-witness testimony transmitted through an unbroken chain of reliable scholars (hadith mutawatir).
Night Journey and Ascent to Heaven
A few months before the migration from Mecca to Medina, Allah took Muhammad (pbuh) in one night from the Grand Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, a month’s journey of 1230 Km for a caravan. From Jerusalem, he ascended to the heavens, passing the boundaries of the physical universe to be in divine presence, meet God, and witness the Great Signs (al-Ayat ul-Kubra). His truth became apparent in two ways. First, ‘the Prophet described the caravans he had overtaken on the way home and said where they were and about when they might be expected to arrive in Mecca; and each arrived as predicted, and the details were as he had described.’ Second, he was never known to have been to Jerusalem, yet he described al-Aqsa Mosque to skeptics like an eye-witness.
The mystical journey is mentioned in the Quran:
“Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Quran, 17:1)
“So will you dispute with him over what he saw? And he certainly saw him in another descent At the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary – Near it is the Garden of Refuge – When there covered the Lote Tree that which covered (it). The sight (of the Prophet) did not swerve, nor did it transgress (its limit). He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord.” (Quran, 53:12-18)
The event is also confirmed through eye-witness testimony transmitted through the ages with an unbroken chain of reliable scholars (hadith mutawatir).